Drought haunts Africa’s East Coast

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The El Nino weather phenomenon exacerbated by climate change is causing drought, failed crops, dying cattle and starvation in eastern Africa. Somalia has been the worst hit, where 40% of the population now depends on food aid and 70,000 children are in danger of starvation.

Kenya, Ethiopia and Tanzania are also suffering from the drought.

Although drought conditions are common in the Horn of Africa at this period, the current situation is particularly alarming – even worse than the drought that devastated the region in 2010 and 2011.

El Nino is a recurring climate phenomenon associated with warming of a part of the Pacific Ocean and responsible for extreme weather patterns worldwide. It is possible that climate change is causing El Nino occurrences to be more frequent and more severe, although more research is needed to be sure.

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